All of us would be by now aware of forceps delivery, but hereby we will discuss about vacuum assisted delivery also referred to as ventouse or vacuum extraction.
Why assistance is required?
An assisted delivery signifies, a midwife or doctor needs to use an instrument of any order to aid the process of delivery of a baby by a birth canal. This sort of assistance is needed in the second stage of pregnancy, if labor pain is not progressing. You may have pushings or contractions, the head of the baby has descended, your cervix is dilated, the difficult part is that you and your baby are not proceeding nowhere. Vacuum extraction delivery may also be needed, if the heartbeat of the baby indicates that they have a problem and the delivery needs to occur at the very stage.
The doctor may choose to use a vacuum device rather than forceps because of their personal preferences, but in countries like the United States both the types are not used. Only 3 % is used in the rarest of cases, according to figures that are available while in case of forceps it drops to 1 %. The use of both the methods has been dropping.
The use of both the methods, during the stages of childbirth has reduced as Caesarean sections have gone on to become more common. At a certain point of time use of forceps was the only choice for delivery of a baby as labor had stalled. Till the introduction of anesthesia, caesarean was considered to be deadly operation to the mother and it was only tried after her death during the stages of childbirth. This form of surgery was the only hope of delivering a living infant.
The process of vacuum extraction and the risks associated with the same?
If an assisted birth is needed, the doctor will go on and discuss the situation with you. If you have not had an epidural, you may be needed to give some anesthesia. The need of getting an episiotomy done may also emerge.
During this operation, the health provider may reach out to the birth canal and a small suction like cup will be placed on the head of the baby. It is linked to a small hand pump which goes on to produce a vacuum in the cup which is then attached to the scalp. If this operation does not work, then you might be pressed for a caesarean operation.
Some of the risks associated with this operation would be a temporary swelling where the suction cup is attached or a wound on the scalp of your baby. This swelling will reduce in a day or two and serious injuries in the case of vacuum extraction are very rare. The main risk that may emerge during the course of this operation is tearing of your vagina. After the delivery the chances are that you might have some form of difficulty in emptying your bladder. Discuss all the process with your doctor before you plan for this operation.