6 Most Common Heart Diseases

6 Most Common Heart Diseases

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the world. Each type of heart disease can occur with certain symptoms, some heart attacks are sudden and intense, but there are many different heart disease signs and symptoms similar. These are depending on the type and severity of cardiac disease. Different types of heart disease also affect millions of people of all ages.

Heart Failure

It is a term that describes the inability of the heart to fill with blood or pump the effective circulation and appear as a result of structural or functional problems.

Heart failure is a major health problem in many countries and is the leading cause of hospitalization of patients aged over 65 years.

Patients with heart failure are dyspnea (difficulty breathing, especially when I’m lying in bed), cough, and shows pronounced leg edema and have a reduced capacity for effort.

Ischemic Heart Disease

The pathology of coronary arteries (vessels that provide blood into its heart and who need oxygen or nutrients). Occur during the development of plate on the inner surface vessels or suddenly by blocking the lumen of a thrombus migrated here from other boats.

Symptoms occur when more than 75% of the lumen is obstructed, and the clinical expression of myocardial pathological processes is either myocardial infarction or angina.

Cardiomyopathy

There are diseases of the myocardium (heart muscle) that can be produced from any cause. Patients with these disorders are often at risk of developing arrhythmias or sudden cardiac death. And it Can be caused by problems that are not primarily localized in the myocardium, But to reflect on it, I am finally affecting the function and structure such as ischemia, hypertension, alcoholic or diabetic, or can be produced by abnormalities in muscle structure (in the absence of identifiable external causes), such as dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Cardiac Arrhythmias

The heart is able to beat a steady rhythm between 60-100 times / minute. But there are times when the rhythm changes (whether it occurs in situations physiological disorder, stress, strong emotions, whether it comes under the influence of drugs or various diseases). These statements are also called as arrhythmias, disorders is characterized by electrical activity of the heart may start beating faster or more slowly, at a rate regularly or irregularly.

Some arrhythmias are considered medical emergencies because they can cause cardiac arrest and sudden coronary death. There arrhythmias should be closely monitored, but because predispose to the occurrence of thromboembolism, myocardial infarction or stroke.

Hypertensive Disease

It is a global disease process caused by increased blood pressure. It includes all the complications of hypertension: left ventricular hypertrophy, Heart failure global ischemic coronary artery disease, Cardiac arrhythmias, hypertensive cardiomyopathy. Patients often blame fatigue after mild effort, dyspnea, weight gain, nausea, bloating.

Cardiovascular Disease

It is characterized by disorders of the heart and great vessels (arteries and veins) that come and go directly to the heart. The disease often occurs in diabetes, hypertension, or hypercholesterolemia and in general is likely Atherosclerosis.

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